Medical science leads to a pro-life perspective rather than a pro-choice perspective. If medical science can be used at all to draw a line, the clearest line is at the moment of conception.
Medical arguments provide a strong case against abortion and for life. The best legal argument against abortion can be seen in the case of Roe v. It violated standard legal reasoning. The Supreme Court decided not to decide when life begins and then turned around and overturned the laws of 50 different states.
Although the sentences sounded both innocuous and unpretentious, they were neither. It overturned state laws that protected the unborn and has resulted in over 30 million abortions roughly the population of Canada in the United States. The decision also seems unpretentious by acknowledging that it did not know when life begins. A crucial role of government is to protect life. Government cannot remove a segment of the human population from its protection without adequate justification.
The burden of proof should lie with the life-taker, and the benefit of the doubt should be with the life-saver. The burden of proof in law is on the prosecution. The benefit of doubt is with the defense. This is also known as a presumption of innocence. The defendant is assumed to be innocent unless proven guilty. Again the burden of proof is on the entity that would take away life or liberty.
The benefit of the doubt lies with the defense. The Supreme Court clearly stated that it does not know when life begins and then violated the very spirit of this legal principle by acting as if it just proved that no life existed in the womb. Even more curious was the fact that to do so, it had to ignore the religious community and international community on the subject of the unborn.
Had the religious community really failed to reach a consensus? Although there were some intramural disagreements, certainly the weight of evidence indicated that a Western culture founded on Judeo-Christian values held abortion to be morally wrong.
People with widely divergent theological perspectives Jewish, Catholic, evangelical and fundamental Protestants shared a common agreement about the humanity of the unborn. The same could be said about the international legal community.
The unborn were protected by various international documents like the Declaration of Geneva and the U. Declaration of the Rights of the Child. Just as there are solid medical arguments against abortion, so also there are legal arguments against abortion. Wade was a bad decision that needs to be overturned. A third set of arguments against abortion would be philosophical arguments. A key philosophical question is where do you draw the line?
Put another way, when does a human being become a person? Wade separated personhood from humanity. In other words, the judges argued that a developing fetus was a human i. Since only persons are given 14th Amendment protection under the Constitution, the Court argued that abortion could be legal at certain times. This left to doctors, parents, or even other judges the responsibility of arbitrarily deciding when personhood should be awarded to human beings. Once the Court allowed people to start drawing lines, some drew them in unexpected ways and effectively opened the door for infanticide and euthanasia.
In the past, such criteria as implantation or quickening had been suggested. The Court chose the idea of viability and allowed for the possibility that states could outlaw abortions performed after a child was viable. But viability was an arbitrary criterion, and there was no biological reason why the line had to be drawn near the early stages of development.
The line, for example, could be drawn much later. Ethicist Paul Ramsey frequently warned that any argument for abortion could logically be also used as an argument for infanticide.
As if to illustrate this, Dr. Francis Crick, of DNA fame, demonstrated that he was less concerned about the ethics of such logical extensions and proposed a more radical definition of personhood.
Other line-drawers have suggested a cultural criterion for personhood. It is also an argument for infanticide. More recently some line-drawers have focused on a mental criterion for personhood. In conclusion, we can see that there are many good arguments against abortion. Obviously there are a number of biblical arguments against abortion. But there are also medical, legal, and philosophical arguments against abortion.
The Bible and logic are on the side of the Christian who wants to stand for the sanctity of human life.
Note from Kerby Anderson: So many people ask for more information on abortion; I suggest you check out the Abortion Facts Web site at www. In my "Introduction to Ethics" class, the topic for the night was abortion. As the discussion progressed, people all around me were saying that an abortion is good to do…. A Commitment to Gruesomeness This year is the twenty-seventh year of legal abortion, and the only thing that appears to have changed in the debate is the addition of newer….
Sue Bohlin takes a hard look at abortion from a biblical perspective. Dear Sue, I just read your article on abortion as a source to prepare a message on abortion. Thank you for a well written, well documented work. Sue Bohlin looks at the common effects of an abortion on the women who choose it. Abortion is an extremely controversial issue because while some people are completely against it, others believe that a woman should have the right to choose.
I believe that abortion is morally and ethically wrong. In my opinion, when a woman chooses to have sex, she is taking a chance. She does this of her own free will, and is in control over what she is doing.
If a person decides to have sex, whether it is done with protection or not, the result is her responsibility and she must be willing to deal with the consequences. One such consequence is getting pregnant. When a woman gets pregnant, it is usually a result of her own choices, even if the pregnancy is unwanted or unplanned.
Use our guides, manuals and examples to excel in academia. Abortion is a very contentious issue and as such frequently comes up in debates. When taking part in a debate on abortion there are a number of topics that can be discussed. The aim of this short essay is to look at four of the most important. The author will not take either side, simply explain what the issues and arguments are. A powerful argument against abortion is that everyone has a right to life.
Under this view a fetus, an embryo or in some religious doctrines even a newly fertilized egg is a human being with a right to live. A counter to this is to argue that before a certain stage in development, usually set by law at around 20 weeks, the fetus lacks the attributes that define a human being such as self-awareness or the capacity to feel pain.
They argue that while it is a potential human being it is not yet an actual one. It is often argued that women have a right to control their own reproductive capacity and that abortion is a vital tool for doing this.
For and Against Abortion There are many topics that most people are for and against which is I guess a normal reaction to some things. One of the most controversial topics would be abortion. According to the U.S., abortion statics in million abortions took place (U.S abortion Statistics, ).
- An Argument Against Abortion Abortion is a serious topic that people have been debating about for years. Everywhere you turn the topic of abortion presents itself, on .
The word abortion by definition means the induced expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently. Abortion is an extremely controversial issue because while some people are completely against it, others believe that a woman should have the right to choose. The word abortion by definition means the induced expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently. Abortion is an extremely controversial issue because while some people are completely against it, others believe that a woman should have the right to choose. I believe /5(9).
Argumentative Essay Against Abortion. ABORTION SHOULD NOT BE LEGAL The definition of abortion, also called voluntary abortion, is the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus in order to end a pregnancy. Any of various surgical methods for terminating a . The Argument of Abortion - Philosophy Essay The Argument of Abortion - Philosophy Essay In On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion, Mary Anne Warren discusses a few arguments against abortion, namely bringing into play whether the fetus is actually a person, or .