Due to the nature of the disease, schizophrenia can be very difficult to detect. Schizophrenics are often mis-diagnosed as having depression, anxiety, or antisocial-personality disorders because they do display several symptoms of those disorders. The exact cause of schizophrenia is unknown, but it is unlikely that there is one specific cause for the illness.
It has been theorized that, as with other mental disorders such as OCD Obsessive-Compulsive disorder and ASPD Antisocial Personality disorder , schizophrenia is cause by a combination of biological, psychological and social areas.
When studying the causes of autism, scientists discovered that mothers who experienced infection during their pregnancy were more likely to have children who displayed abnormalities in behaviour and gene expression.
These abnormalities were not only consistent with the behaviour of autistic children, but also of schizophrenics. IL-6 is the chemical responsible for mediating behavioural and transcriptional activity in the brain. Studies on persons suffering from schizophrenia have uncovered a common pattern of abnormalities in the attractor states in the brain. Attractor dynamics are the interconnected neurons in the brain that create and store sets of patterns which are memories, perceptual representations and thoughts.
This creates short-term memory, attention, and the ability to multitask. As a result of the cause of schizophrenia being unknown, it is highly difficult to treat all who suffer from it. There is evidence that it may also be a genetic disorder. Schizophrenics, as well as people with creative occupations such as poets and painters, who often demonstrate schizoid character traits, are prone to random thoughts and impulsiveness, which has been linked to sexual success.
Although there is currently no known cure for schizophrenia, there are many possible medications that can be subscribed to treat symptoms, specifically antipsychotic, antidepressant, and anticonvulsant drugs that are used to help prevent delusions and hallucinations. There are also several therapy and support services available to help not only schizophrenics, but also their families and close friends through difficult times.
Quite often, people speak of schizophrenia as though it were a single condition, but it is not. It is a multi-faceted condition with varying degrees of severity with different symptoms strengthening and weakening alternately.
First- and second-generation antipsychotic medications are used to reduce anxiety and agitation as well as to prevent hallucinations and delusional behaviour.
The most common side effect is called tardive dyskinesia, a condition characterized by uncontrolled body movements, such as hand or foot twitching. However, because it carries a high dependency rate, any doctor in North America requires special authorization to prescribe clozapine to a patient, and close monitoring is necessary while the patient is on clozapine. Medication to regulate mood swings, such as Lithobid, Lithane, and Eskalith all forms of lithium carbonate , are also commonly prescribed to schizophrenics.
In the past, schizophrenics were over-medicated. This was discovered in the year when researchers at the University of Toronto collaborated with the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health on an investigation into the medication prescribed to schizophrenia.
Supportive psychotherapy is the most common, and generally most successful, medication-free way of treating schizophrenia, although when used in conjunction with the appropriate kind of medication it is more effective than psychotherapy alone.
In a group setting, numerous patients meet with a therapist in a situation designed for focused discussion and problem solving or for a less intensive, conversational atmosphere.
Sometimes family members and close friends are also invited to join the group therapy sessions so that they may better understand how their friend or loved one is feeling and what they are going through.
After a hospitalized patient is discharged from treatment and sent back home to live with their families, not all of the early side effects of the antipsychotic medication will be gone. It is also common for patients to continue to show symptoms of irrational fear and paranoia. Drowsiness is usually the biggest concern, and is often amplified due to boredom if the patient has little to do. This can be difficult as the patient may seem non-responsive, but they are not intentionally being rude, it is just a lasting effect of their illness, and family members should be patient but firm in their encouragement.
Although there are many available treatment options for people who suffer from schizophrenia, the nature of the illness makes it very difficult to find the correct medication and dosage for each individual. This kind of treatment has a fairly high success rate, but unfortunately relapse and suicide are always a high risk among recovering schizophrenia sufferers.
They cannot distinguish reality from the imaginary and often withdraw into themselves and refuse to interact with others. Sign in to write a comment. Order by Oldest Newest. Become a Premium Member. Sociology by Scheinderley Dupuy. Walk In Our Shoes by regi taylor. Preview of Whats Coming Tomorrow by Timesoftrouble. An allegory of reality and dream with the theme of insight into self. Campus Rape part 3 by darkwarrior A brief summary of my year of internet sesrching and studying.
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Antipsychotics are a major treatment that is used for most patients, but it may not treat all the symptoms of schizophrenia. Delusions and hallucinations are often reduced, but difficulty of making decision and remembering tend to remain. There is another medication called Atypical antipsychotics which act in different ways for older patients. However the medications work in many ways and it works very differently for each person and usually has some unpleasant side-effects.
To develop the medication without side-effects are encouraged in the future. Besides the medication, one very important treatment is the support of family and friends. Also, training for socialize skills and positive thought are helpful for patients to engage society. Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT is one that has been successfully for patients to recover from symptoms of delusions, hallucinations, or depressions. However, some patients still attempt suicides.
As one of symptoms shows that it has hallucinations and delusions, the voice tells patient to kill themselves or order them to do a criminal act. That is the fear side of the schizophrenia affect. There are some criminal incidents by people shows these symptoms or typically cult group.
They strongly believed that they have voice from God and given a special powers to protect themselves from people who are causing to destroy this world. In fact, nobody mentioned about any serious mental disorder about him. Probably they were minded controlled at first, but as they belief become stronger, they will begin to be not able to tell the difference between what is real and what is just imagination. Many of those believers were typically well on some academic study knowledge when they were at school, but they had wither no friends or had poor relationships with their family, and are usually isolated from society since they were young.
This applies to most of the common symptoms of schizophrenia. Mass suicide of cult group is a typical action for people who believe in cults. Shakil, at the age of 32, was founded by his brother after several years since Shakil was missing from his family home. Shakil believed that he is protecting God, call Abu-Lafram, from the evils of western civilization that is coming through the wall by tin foil to line the walls of flats. People who has schizophrenia may turn violent to somebody else, or become harmful to themselves.
The best thing is if their family or friends are able to find out the symptoms of the patients in their early stages, and early treatment is more effective for recovery in the short-term.
However, at the present studies, nobody can tell who develop the schizophrenia or why, and its also difficult to tell what kind of treatment is the best for each person. In order to help patients who suffer from symptoms of schizophrenia significantly, much more studies into each case of schizophrenia is needed. Also the courage for patients to talk their problems to people and their participation in therapy is necessary, also being more educate about schizophrenia would be helpful.
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Schizophrenia Research Paper Outline. I. Description and Classification. A. Symptoms. 1. Delusions. 2. Hallucinations. 3. Disorganized Speech. 4. Disorganized or Catatonic Behavior You can use our professional writing services to order a custom research paper on schizophrenia and get your high quality paper at affordable price. .
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Schizophrenia Research Paper. By Lauren Bradshaw. May 15, Sample Research Papers. Schizophrenia is a mental illness that is categorized as a physhotic illness. I became interesting in Schizophrenia because of a non-fiction movie called “A Beautiful Mind” directed by Ron Howard. Tags: medicine essays, research paper on. A research paper about schizophrenia I wrote in grade 11 psychology/sociology class.. Read the essay free on Booksie.