So, deficiency of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in PEM. It is the most important nutritional disorder affecting Indian children, in the age of period years. The symptoms of PEM are: A Loss in weight and height. C Susceptible to many diseases of respiratory and gastro intestinal systems. Mineral deficiency disease Anemia, Goiter and Rickets: Goiter is an endemic disease the diseases, restricted to a given reason and arising from its specific environmental condition are called endemic diseases which is more common in hilly areas because soil of hilly areas is poor in iodine.
Due to this the drinking water as well as food grown in this area is deficient in iodine. So, it leads goiter among them. Some of the diseases that are caused due to the deficiency of Vitamins are Night blindness, Exophthalmia, Beri-Beri. A Night Blindness and Xerophthalmia: Vitamin B1 is also called anti beri-beri or antineuretic factor. For example slow starvation, which is found most in extremely poor or low income group people.
Excessive nutrition that means disorders developed due to overfeeding or over-eating for a long time. For example obesity or motapa. Such disorders are more evident in the families belonging to the middle class families or rich category. Deficiency disease which are caused due to the lack of a specific nutrient in our diet. For example protein energy malnutrition, mineral deficiency diseases like anemia etc.
It is thus evident that the problem of malnutrition is not confined to poor families alone but is spreading fast even in the middle and rich class families. If the increasing level of diseases in children due to the malnutrition is not taken care off than this may result into excessive weakness or obesity after a few years.
We must not forget that malnutrition affects the immune system of a child which may cause frequent sickness, increase the possibility of infections from communicable diseases like cold and cough etc.
So, malnutrition must be checked in the childhood itself. Today we are living in computer age. At least 1 out of 5 American is consider obese. Experts estimate that annually, about , people die due to this epidemic.
This is also the second leading cause of avoidable death in the nation. The leading causes that contribute…. It is an inspirational book about a small district in the post-apocalyptic nation of Panem in North America. The Hunger Games is an annual lottery in which one boy and one girl aged 12—18 from each of…. Capacio once said that one of the underlying reasons for establishing feeding program is to provide targeted families and their children, an incentive to attend school. It is popular strategy for achieving both educational and social objective among school children, which includes combating and fighting hunger and malnutrition.
She further said that its potential…. Malnutrition in children is one of the most important social and health problem that face the young children in the modern world. Whether it is in the developed world or the under developed world, nutrition among the children has evolved to be a very important issue. Darfur is located in the Western part of Sudan and covers one fifth of the country being home to six million people.
Darfur means house of fur and it is a historical region of Bilad al Sudan which is the Western part of Sudan. The northern part of Darfur is occupied by the Arabs while…. For its sustenance on the earth, every living organism requires food, which is quite essential for carrying out its physical and mental activities, growth and development.
For normal growth and development, man requires some specific nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, roughage and water in right proportion and sufficient quantity, which he gets through…. We will focus on under nutrition as a nutritional concern. The main cause for concern among older people…. Malnutrition has been a serious concern across the world which is caused due to lack of vital vitamins and minerals in the diet where in majority of the impoverished or poor people suffer from micronutrient deficiencies.
The most basic kind is called protein energy malnutrition which results from a diet lacking in energy and protein because of a deficit in all major macronutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Marasmus, another type of malnutrition, is caused by a lack of protein and energy with sufferers appearing skeletally thin. In extreme cases, it can lead to kwashiorkor, in which malnutrition causes swelling including a so-called 'moon face'. Other forms of malnutrition though less visible, but equally deadly are usually the result of vitamin and mineral deficiencies that can lead to anemia, scurvy, pellagra, beriberi and exophthalmia and, ultimately, death.
Deficiencies of iron, vitamin A and zinc are ranked among the World Health Organization's WHO top 10 leading causes of death through disease in developing countries. Iron deficiency is the most prevalent form of malnutrition worldwide, affecting millions of people. Iron forms the molecules that carry oxygen in the blood, so symptoms of a deficiency include tiredness and lethargy. Vitamin A deficiency weakens the immune systems of a large proportion of under-fives in poor countries, increasing their vulnerability to disease.
Affecting million preschool children in countries and more than seven million pregnant women, it is also a leading cause of child blindness across developing countries. Iodine deficiency affects million people worldwide. The clearest symptom is a swelling of the thyroid gland called goiter. But the most serious impact is on the brain, which cannot develop properly without iodine. Zinc deficiency contributes to growth failure and weakened immunity in young children.
It is linked to a higher risk of diarrhea and pneumonia, resulting in nearly , deaths per year. In recent years, new ready-to-use therapeutic foods RUTFs have been developed for treating severely malnourished children. The progress in foods for severe malnutrition has worked as a catalyst for the development of special foods for other forms of malnutrition.
The WFP nutrition toolbox already includes fortified staples, fortified condiments and fortified blended foods including the corn soya blend CSB. The toolbox also includes new strategies such as home-fortification with multi- micronutrient powder MNP, also known as 'sprinkles'.
Malnutrition essay essaysa) Nutrition is perhaps the most important factor, which affects the health of a person. The body needs a balanced amount of nutrients and energy for its survival and is essential for good health. A balanced diet is needed and it takes into account six different food compone.
- Malnutrition of African Students In this paper, I shall discuss the effects of malnutrition of children in Africa and the effect it has on their school performance. In this essay, I am going to examine the arguments for and against moral obligation to helping the poor and starving, and in particular I will take into account Singer’s.
Free Essay: Introduction Malnutrition is a global challenge in low-income and middle-income countries particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia. Free sample essay on Malnutrition and Hunger. According to World Food Programme (WFP) figures, there are billion undernourished people in the world today.
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